Afreet: In Arabic lore, the vengeful spirit of a murdered person which arises from the victim’s shed blood.

Afterlife: A generic term for a continuation of existence after death, typically in a spiritual or ghostlike afterworld.

Agent: A living person who is the focus of poltergeist activity

Akashic Records: Originally a Hindu concept of a vast, and ever increasing, psychic repository of every thought and emotion – human or otherwise – which has ever been, and into which some individuals seem able to tap.

Alchemy: The exploration and application of the sciences, particularly chemistry and the pseudo science of astrology, such as they were understood during the middle ages and early Renaissance period. Alchemists were chiefly dedicated to the worthy pursuit of producing gold from baser metals and various materials.

Alma: Russian wildman encountered in Siberia and northern China, generally described as being covered in hair and powerfully built, though shorter in stature and more human appearing than the Yeti. Some researchers have suggested that Almas may be descended from Neanderthals (Homo Neandertalensis).

Amorphous: Matter or energy that has no definitive shape.

Amulet: A symbol with magical significance, which is worn as a pendant or ring.

Angel: “Messenger of God,” a celestial being, benevolent in nature and if visible, appearing in human form, and possessing miraculous abilities such as teleportation, healing powers and knowledge of future events. There have been accounts of angels aiding people in times of crisis throughout the ages, albeit with no real consistency to their ‘modus operandi.’

Anomalistic psychology: The scientific study of anomalous phenomena, including, but not limited to, such para-psychological events as ESP, life-after-death experiences and alleged alien abduction experiences.

Anomaly: An occurrence or condition removed from ordinarily understood experience.

Anpsi: Referring to psi ability in non-human animals; a contraction of “animal psi.”

Anthropomorphism: The humanocentric tendency of imposing human perceptions and priorities upon spirits and other worldly creatures or forces, assuming that all consciousnesses must be akin to ours on some basic levels. (This is a logical assumption when applied to the survival instinct and perhaps to physical procreation; anything more is merely a guess.)

Apparition: The projection or manifestation of a quasi-physical entity.

Apport: The transference of an article from an unknown source, to you, or another place by unknown means.

Asport: Any object that spirits or the medium makes disappear or teleports to another location.

Astral body: One’s soul, appearing as an exact double of the person’s physical body, separated temporarily as during a dream or out-of-body experience or permanently as in death. Also see doppelganger.

Astral plane: A plane of existence according to esoteric philosophies, some religious teachings and New Age thought. The term "astral plane" has also more recently come to mean a plane of existence where some believe their souls reside.

Astral Projection: An interpretation of any form of out-of-body experience that assumes the existence of an “astral body” separate from the physical body and capable of traveling outside it.

Astral Travel: Belief or theory that a person’s spiritual awareness can temporarily detach itself from the physical body, remaining connected by what is called the “silver cord,” and experience things in other locations, time frames or dimensional planes. Some refer to this as “Astral Projection” or “Mind Projection.”

Astrology: A group of systems, traditions, and beliefs which hold that the relative positions of celestial bodies (the Sun, Moon, and planets) and related details can provide information about personality, human affairs and other “earthly” matters.

Atavism: Reversion to an earlier, ancestral type.

Audio Tagging: The process by which an investigator will mark any anomalous sound during recording which might later be mistaken for a paranormal event.

Aura: A field of subtle, luminous radiation surrounding a person or object.

Aura-world: A reflection of our own sphere of existence, composed of the electromagnetic emanations of physical matter, and probably influenced by thought and emotion. It is another dimensional plane proceeding from one in which we exist.

Automatic writing: The process, or product, of writing material that does not come from the conscious thoughts of the writer. The writer's hand forms the message, and the person is unaware of what will be written. It is sometimes done in a trance state. Other times the writer is aware (not in a trance) of their surroundings but not of the actions of their writing hand.

Automatism: The spontaneous performance of physical acts without the conscious control of the agent.

Autonographist: Professional automatic writer.

Avatar: Hindu belief in divine incarnation.

Baphomet: Demon character supposedly worshiped by the Knights Templar in 14th century France. Some present day practitioners of the black arts regard Baphomet as a “god” of lust and regeneration, or as symbolic of the Devil. See also: Sigil of Baphomet

Banishing: Formal, ceremonial, procedure effected to cast an invisible presence or influence out from an area. This term can refer either to a spiritual cleansing, or the closing of a magical rite, when the invoked powers are dismissed.

Banshee: A female spirit, in Irish mythology, that appears as an omen of death with messages from the Otherworld.

Benign Spirit: An entity which is not harmful.

Bigfoot: A bulky, hair covered, bipedal humanoid which appears to possess both human and ape-like characteristics. Also known as Sasquatch and Yeti, depending upon locale. Sightings of these creatures have for centuries been widely reported.

Bi-location: The projection of a double. Being in two places at one time.

Boogeyman: A grim spectral figure who delights in menacing mortals with rather gruesome pranks and abductions. Although the lore of this character has degenerated into a familiar device used to threaten rambunctious shildren, the ‘Bogey’ was formerly soundly dreaded in Celtic regions, and was said to prowl the stretches of fields, marshes, and moors, looking for hikers and travelers who had strayed from their paths.

Cabot, Laurie: (b. 1933) Wicca spokesperson, author, and for the past thirty years, recognized as the official High Priestess of the Witches of Salem, MA.

Calling ghosts: Spirits who call out the names of the living in order to lure them to their deaths are called calling ghosts. The sirens of Greek mythology were calling ghosts.

Carcosa: A mysterious nether region or outer-world containing the mythical lake called “Hali,” which appears in the fiction of authors Ambroce G. Bierce (“An Inhabitant of Carcosa”) and Robert W. Chambers (“The King in Yellow”: “Cassilda’s Song”). There are students of arcane, mystical lore who believe that Carcosa may truly exist, which is why it is included with this roster of terms.

Caul: A thin membrane of amniotic fluid that remains covering the head of a newborn at birth. Those born with a caul are said to be blessed with luck, protection and supernatural powers. Such individuals are thought to be able to see and speak with ghosts and spirits.

Chalcedony: A type of translucent quartz, usually a smoky blue in color, that was used by the ancient Egyptians to drive away ghosts, night visions and sadness.

Channeling: The process by which a medium can communicate information from non-physical beings, such as spirits, deities, demons or aliens through entering a state of trance or some other form of altered consciousness

Chupacabra: Spanish for Goat sucker. In Puerto Rico, for twenty some years, numerous livestock and stray pets have been found with throats torn out, drained of blood and bearing mysterious puncture wounds. On the scene sightings of the creature supposed responsible are exceedingly rare, and descriptions always include “glowing red eyes.” Locale and the absence of distinct tracks rule out either wolverines or monitor lizards, both of which always drag off their prey. The most feasible suggestion is a coyote or feral dog, but again, the behavior doesn’t match. Whatever is the true culprit, Chupacabra has become a popular sensation on the island.

Clairalience: A form of extra-sensory perception wherein a person accesses psychic knowledge through the physical sense of smell.

Clairambience: A form of extra-sensory perception wherein a person accesses psychic knowledge through the physical sense of taste.

Clairaudience: A form of extra-sensory perception wherein a person acquires information by paranormal auditory means.

Claircognizance: A form of extra-sensory perception wherein a person acquires psychic information primarily by means of intrinsic knowledge.

Clairgustance: A form of extra-sensory perception that allegedly allows one to taste a substance without putting anything in one’s mouth. It is claimed that those who possess this ability are able to perceive the essence of a substance from the spiritual or ethereal realms through taste.

Clairsentience: A form of extra-sensory perception wherein a person acquires psychic knowledge primarily by feeling.

Clairvoyance: The purported ability to gain information about an object, location or physical event through means other than the known human senses, a form of extra-sensory perception. A person said to have the ability of clairvoyance is referred to as a clairvoyant.

Cleansing (Psychic): A less ritualized form of exorcism, where-in a dwelling or site is purified and malevolent influences are banished through prayers, spoken as the petitioner moves through the area.

Cold reading: a technique often used by mentalists, fortune tellers, and others posing as psychics and mediums to determine details about a subject through analysis of their body language, appearance and responses to questioning. Even without prior knowledge of a person, a practiced cold reader could obtain a great deal of information about the subject by carefully analyzing that person\'s body language, clothing, hairstyle, gender, sexual orientation, religion, race or ethnicity, level of education, manner of speech, place of origin, etc. Cold readers often start by making broad guesses and will refine their statements based on clues supplied by the subject, abandoning any incorrect guesses while reinforcing any chance connections the subject acknowledges.

Cold Spot: Sudden temperature drops in one specific location which are said to occur due to the presence of an entity.

Collective Apparition: A paranormal event witnessed by two or more person(s) at the same time.

Collective unconscious: From the analytical psychology of Carl Jung, the collective unconscious is the collective memory of all of humanity's past, held in an individual's unconscious mind.

Confabulation: A term used to describe when real-life experiences are mixed with imagined ones.

Construct, Psychic: It has been theorized, and experimentation has been conducted to support this premise, that through directed psychic energies a responsive spirit-like entity can be created, continuing for a time to exist independently.

Continuance: Commonly refereed to as life-after-death, survival of the psyche post cessation of the biological organism which had generated it.

Control: A control lives in the spirit world and is manifested by a medium, usually in a seance, to act on the medium's behalf as guide among the spirits. A control may appear as a disembodied voice, speaking through the medium's own voice, write with the medium's hand, be materialized visually either partially or full-form, or take full possession of the medium's body.

Crisis apparition: A crisis apparition is a specific type of out-of-body experience in which the agent projects his or her astral body at a time of crisis or death to a particular percipient, usually a loved one.

Crop Circles: During the past three centuries, throughout the British Isles but with a particular concentration in the southern region of England, circular impressions spanning sometimes several hundred feet in diameter and often quite intricate in design, have frequently and inexplicably been appearing overnight in wheat and grain fields. Sometimes the source can be traced to hoaxters; sometimes the details do not allow for any satisfactory, mundane explanation. Much documentation, as well as speculation, regarding this topic is available.

Cross-correspondences: Interrelated bits of information received from the spirit world by different mediums at different times and locations. The communications must be joined together to form a complete message from the spirit(s).

Crowley, Aleister (Edward Alexander): (b. 1875, d.1947) Scottish-born occultist, meta-physician, sorcerer, adventurer, poet and author of many occult treatises and manuals, including ‘Magick In Theory And Practice.’ Crowley once dubbed himself “The Great Beast 666,” one of the few of his many monikers which stayed with him, and the press refereed to him as “The Wickedest Man in the World.” Although in some respects brilliant, Crowley gave himself over to excess, amorality and eventual dissipation. His writings are still studied and analyzed by many present day, serious students of the magic(k)al arts.

Crypto-zoology: The branch of paranormal research which deals with the exploration of legendary creatures such as Bigfoot, lake and sea monsters, thunderbirds, etc. It should be noted that the Giant Squid (the “Kraken”), orangutans (the “Red Men of the Forest”), Komodo Dragons and gigantic Nepalese elephants all were formerly included in the roster of fabled creatures!

Crystal Skulls: Five human skull models, exquisitely crafted in antiquity from solid quartz crystal, have been found in various locations throughout Latin America, the best known of these being the ‘Mitchell-Hedges Skull,’ discovered in 1924 in the Balese Jungle of Labuton by Anna Mitchell-Hedges while on an expedition with her father, and still in her possession in Canada. The others are kept in collections in Guatemala, Texas, the Smithsonian and the British Museum. Mayan legend tells that eight more crystal skulls remain, and that by the time all thirteen are united, mankind will have learned how to extract and decipher the vital information, history and revelations, which they contain.

C’thulu: A creation of author H.P. Lovecraft and a favorite of horror/science fiction enthusiasts, C’thulu’ (pronunciation is interpretive) is described as a kind of demon-god from another world, a monstrosity resembling a gigantic squid or octopus who “sleeps and dreams” in his lair at the bottom of the Arctic ocean, biding his time until some foolhardy “disciples” find means to call him to rise and reclaim dominion of the earth. Doubtlessly, some are actually trying!

Debunk: An attempt to discredit and contradict claims as being false, exaggerated, or pretentious.

Dee, Doctor John: (b. 1527, d. 1608) Alchemist, astrologer, seer and adviser to Queen Elizabeth I of England who, along with his somewhat unscrupulous associate Edward Kelly, supposedly devised a method of deciphering an angelic language, known as the “Enochian Calls.”

Déjà vu: The experience of feeling sure that one has already witnessed or experienced a current situation, even though the exact circumstances of the previous encounter are uncertain and were perhaps imagined.

Dematerialization: To deprive or lose apparent physical substance; make or become immaterial.

Demon: Hostile and resentful entity, supposedly of non-human origin, which some believe to be “fallen (from grace) angels.

Demonology: The systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons. It is the branch of theology relating to superhuman beings who are not gods. It deals both with benevolent beings that have no circle of worshipers or so limited a circle as to be below the rank of gods, and with malevolent beings of all kinds.

Direct Voice Phenomenon (DVP): An audible voice that is heard by sitters during an investigation.

Direct writing: A spectral phenomenon, seen most often in a seance, in which spirit handwriting appears directly on a previously unmarked surface.

Discarnate: Having no material body or form.

Discernment: The internal search for answers to the question(s) of the unknown.

Disembodied: Energy or spirit functioning without a physical body.

Disembodied Voice: A sound resembling speech with no perceivable physical origin.

Divination: The attempt to gain insight into a question or situation by way of a standardized psychic process or ritual.

Divining Rod: An L or Y shaped stick used to locate groundwater, ores, gemstones, oil, or grave sites or as a communication tool with spiritual entities. It is held loosely in the hands and alleged that the movement reflects the existence of something underground or the interaction of a spirit.

Doppelganger: German for “Double-goer.” A person’s duplicate or identical counterpart, seen as a result of bi-locational or astral travel. This phenomenon has been overshadowed by the more modern (and viable) concept of cloning, with its speculative ramifications.

Dowsing: A behavioral form of automatism in which one uses an instrument, such as dowsing or diving rods or a pendulum, in order to find subterranean water or oil or to locate lost objects based upon how the instrument behaves in the dowser’s hand(s). Also known as water witching.

Drop-in communicator: A drop-in communicator is a spirit or entity that makes its presence known at a seance. Its identity is usually unknown to the medium and the sitters.

Druid: A Celtic priest of the Bronze or Iron Age, trained in healing, divination and astronomy, whose tradition was passed on to successors by oral tradition.

Dybbuk: A dybbuk, found in Jewish legend, is the restless soul of a deceased human being that enters the body and takes possession of a still-living person.

Ectoplasm: A filmy, quasi-solid substance which supposedly issues from the bodies of mediums (from the mouth, nostrils, eyes, ears, navel or nipples) during trance states. In photographs, this phenomenon seems to resemble soaked muslin fabric. Whether or not it has ever been genuine, curiously, virtually no ectoplasm has been reported in the past fifty years.

Electromagnetic Field: A physical field produced by electrically charged objects. A lot of things can create and radiate EMF. Even fluorescent bulbs that have been turned off can radiate EMF at random intervals. The belief is that a spirit is made of energy and will produce EMF. When using an EMF detector like a K2 meter you need to be aware of what is around you. Some people are very sensitive to EMF and it will cause illness, illusions, headaches, among other things. The paranormal group will do a sweep to find any hot spots and will take note of them. If they get some readings in an area that was previously clean of EMF they might be contacting a spirit. It shouldn't be used as "evidence" but rather something to back up other actual evidence.

Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP): Disembodied “voices” and sounds imprinted on audio recording devices.

Elementals: In magical tradition and ceremony, spirits which govern the four corners of the earth and are associated with, or reside within, the four basic elements. They are called Sylphs (the east, air), Salamanders (the south, fire), Undines (the west, water), and Gnomes (the north, earth).

EMF Detector: A tool that reads electromagnetic fields.

Empath: An individual who is particularly sensitive to the psychic emanations of his or her surroundings, even to a degree of telepathically receiving and experiencing the emotions of others in their proximity. Obviously, psychic empathy can be regarded as a mixed blessing, and the empath must learn to gain a measure of control over this ability.

Empathy: The capacity to recognize and share, feelings that are being experienced by another being.

Enochian: A magical, “angelic” language first translated by Dr. John Dee, and used in the rituals of both the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” in the 19th century and the “First Church of Satan” in the 20th century. See also: Dee, Doctor John

Entity: A disembodied “consciousness” commonly referred to as ghost, spirit or (if of an apparently malicious or resentful nature) demon.

Entropy: The observation that everything in the material Universe will eventually, inevitably wind-down, burn-out, fall apart … well, I’m sure you get the (dismal) picture.

Evocation: The act of summoning a spirit, demon, god or other supernatural agent.

Exorcism: Ceremonial expulsion of invading spiritual/demonic entities from a person or dwelling, present in virtually every worldly culture. The Jewish and Catholic Christian faiths each have a formal ‘Rite of Exorcism’ to be conducted by the respective Rabbi or Priest.

Extrasensory perception (ESP): The purported ability to acquire information by paranormal means independent of any known physical senses or deduction from previous experience. The term was coined by Duke University researcher J. B. Rhine to denote psychic abilities such as telepathy, the sensing of thoughts or feelings without help from the 5 known senses, precognition, the knowledge of future events, and clairvoyance, the awareness of people, objects or events without the help of the 5 known senses. ESP is also sometimes casually referred to as a sixth sense, gut instinct, a hunch, a weird vibe or an intuition. The term implies sources of information currently unexplained by science.

Extra-terrestrials: Life forms originating on planets other than our own. This term usually refers to highly advanced visitors from other worlds, who journey to our sphere in space crafts with the probable intention of observing and studying our species.

Eye Matrixing: When you see recognizable shapes in unrecognizable patterns. Your brain searches to make sense of nonsense and that leads you to see things that aren't there.

Faustus, Doctor Johann: (b. circa 1455, d. 1540) Scholar, physician and alchemist from Wittenburg, Germany, who was renown for his proficiency in treating victims of the plague contagion (to which the Doctor seemed strangely resistant), and the basis for the stories by Johann Wolfgang Goethe and Christopher Marlowe about a learned man who sold his soul to the devil through his infernal agent Mephistopheles in exchange for “four and twenty years” of knowledge, youth and power.

Fetch: A spectral double of a living person. See also: Doppelganger and Wraith

Fetish: Aside from the modern sexual connotation, a fetish is a shamanistic tool in the form of a figurine, animal part or a pouch containing items with magical associations.

Floating Orb: Spherical image, usually translucent white, though sometimes of a reddish or bluish hue, which inexplicably registers on photographic film and videotape, also known as “Globule.”

Full-spectrum light: Light that covers the electromagnetic spectrum from infrared to near-ultraviolet.

Geller effect: The ability to bend metal by paranormal means; named after famed Israeli paranormalist Uri Geller.

Ghost: The image of a person witnessed after his/her death, reflecting the appearance of the living, physical body yet less substantial. These forms often seem to exist in a dream-like state of semi-awareness, at times though not always cognizant of their human observers.

Ghost Hunt: Going to a place were there have been no sightings of ghosts and trying to catch some on film (video and photos), sounds, eyewitness, etc. (graveyards are the number one place to start, churches, schools and older buildings too)

Ghost Investigation: Going to a known haunted place and recording data (video, photos, audio, temperatures), notes, interviews and other evidence to prove/disprove the haunting and to assist the owners and the spirits in moving on and leaving the place if they want that.

Ghost seers: The belief that people born at a certain time of day or on certain days possess the clairvoyant power to see ghosts and things that other people cannot see.

Ghost sickness: The belief that ghosts can cause illness and death.

Globule: An anomaly where-in floating, circular forms appear on photographs or videotape, which seem indicative of spirit activity. Globes are a natural containment formation of the meniscus of liquid, as in gas containing bubbles; perhaps the interaction of energy and a quasi-physical substance produced by spiritual manifestations results in a similar effect, the globules being an initial containment of energy. Presently, all we know is that they continue to appear, and extraneous possible causes such as moisture, light refraction or emulsion seepage, etc., have been considered and ruled out.

Glossolalia: Speaking in “tongues,” that is, using a language either unknown to the speaker or unknown to linguistic experts; it may sometimes occur in a religious context, as in when one is inspired by the Holy Spirit; not to be confused with xenophobia.

Goblin: A small, ugly, evil spirit.

Golden-rod: A rare anomaly seen in videotape recorded at the site of a suspected haunting, appearing as bright, white or yellowish lines rapidly moving across a room. See Also: Globule, Vortex

Gray lady: A gray lady is the ghost of a woman whose death has been caused by a loved one or who died while waiting for her lover to return or appear.

Gremlin: A small, pesky spirit, generally friendly in nature, given to mischief and pranks involving electrical and mechanical equipment. Gremlins appear to be particularly fond of aircraft, and they were first acknowledged by the British Royal Air Force in World War I after pilots on dangerous missions reported seeing misty, goblin-like spirits in their aircraft.

Grey: The most frequently reported visitor from an alien world, described as having greyish skin, a bulbous cranium, tapered chin, straight, unmoving, horizontal line for a mouth, slits substituting for a nose, slanted eyes, and a slight body. In some accounts, it has three fingers plus an opposable thumb on each hand. Supposedly, such beings were encountered by Betty and (the late) Barney Hill during their abduction in New Hampshire in September, 1961.See Also: Apparition

Guardian spirit: A personal protective spirit often thought to be an angel.

Hallowe’en: ‘The Eve of All Hallows,’ also known by Pagan Celts and Wiccans as ‘Samhain’ (pronounced, ‘Sow’-an’), October 31, the night preceding the Catholic Church’s ‘All Saints Day.’ For a millennium, in much of Europe and the British Isles, this was held to be the night when departed relatives were especially remembered, and the veil separating the realms of the living and the dead was rendered thinner than usual. Jack-o’ lanterns were placed on stoops and window-sills to frightened off malicious spirits. Hallowe’en is presently celebrated as a night of revels and masquerading, and in Mexico it is part of a traditional annual festival known as ‘El Dia De Los Muertos’ (‘The Day of the Dead’).

Hallucination: A false or distorted perception of objects or events with a full belief in their reality. Ghosts, as we define them, are not hallucinations, because they have a real, external cause.

Haunt: A ghost that returns to the same location is said to haunt it. Ghosts generally haunt places, not people, however it is not unusual for a spirit to attach itself to a particular individual or family due to a familial connection.

Haunted: A person, place or an object to which a spirit is attached. The spirits can be human or inhuman in nature.

Haunting: The manifestation of a ghostly presence, or presences, attached to a specific locale. Hauntings can be categorized into four (usually) distinct types, these being Intelligent (responsive), Poltergeist (likely initiated by pent-up stress on a subconscious level), Residual (replay) and Demonic (non-human origin).

Hex: A magical working, or “spell,” cast to influence a person’s will or fate, most often referring to a curse rather than a blessing or healing.

Hobgoblin: Mischievous sprite (fairy, spirit) who delights in perpetrating pranks upon hapless humans, once widely believed in and dreaded throughout Europe and Celtic regions. (Caution: It is theorized that these diminutive denizens of the netherworld will, upon occasion, interfere in psychic investigations by devices such as misplacing directions and telephone numbers, draining flashlight and camera batteries, and even pulling keys right out of investigators’ pockets!) I assume that anyone who reads the preceeding caution will realize it is farcical!

Homunculus: A form of miniature human supposedly produced (for purposes unknown) in the laboratories of medieval alchemists. See also: Alchemy

House Blessing: Also known as “House Cleansing”, the practice of using ritual and prayer to force a spirit out of a location. Most commonly done through religious ministration, a house blessing can also be done preemptively to prevent future paranormal occurrences.

Hypnagogic state: The transitional state of consciousness experienced while falling asleep, sometimes characterized by vivid hallucinations or imagery; also sometimes used to refer to the similar state of awareness experienced during the process of awakening.

Hypnopompic state: The transitional state of consciousness experienced while awakening; sometimes called hypnagogic state.

Hypnosis: A state of profound mental focus, actually self-induced although an external agent – a “hypnotist” – often acts as the catalyst, or director, for the subject entering this state. Also known as “Mesmerism” after Franz Anton Mesmer who first popularized this practice (utilizing magnets as his props) during the last two decades of the 18th century. As concerns paranormal investigation, hypnosis is sometimes used as a vehicle for “past lives regression” and memory restoration in suspected (alien?) abduction cases.

Icon: A rendering or image of particular (often religious) significance.

Ignis fatuus: Literally meaning "foolish fire," ignis fatuus are any of a variety of ghost or spectral lights. According to some folkloric traditions, the lights are souls of the dead; in other legends, they are imp-like spirits.

Imbolc: In the Wiccan calendar, February 2nd is celebrated as the day when winter’s end is in sight, and the return of the sun's warmth is anticipated. Also known as Candlemas and the familiar Ground Hog Day.

Incubus: Stemming from medieval lore, a demonic entity capable of sexually arousing and sometimes assaulting human females. Cases of apparent incubus attacks continue to be documented, suggesting a germ of reality behind the myth.

Indirect Voice: A phenomena, witnessed mainly in mediums, in which an entity speaks using the vocal chords of the medium.

Infestation: Repeated and persistent paranormal phenomena, generally centered around a particular location or person(s). Also known as a haunting.

Influence: An invisible entity of undetermined nature, effecting the inhabitants of a dwelling. This may initially manifest as an inexplicable feeling of uneasiness, then be followed by more definite signs which reveal a haunting.

Infrared (IR): Invisible radiant energy. Night-vision devices using active near-infrared illumination allow people or animals to be observed without the observer being detected.

Inhuman Haunt: Recurring paranormal activity that is believed to originate from a sentient supernatural being. This being never existed as a human or lived a natural life.

Intelligent Haunting: Case in which there is interaction on the physical plane as in communication or object movement.

Intuition: The act or faculty of knowing or sensing without the use of rational processes; immediate cognition often through mystical or paranormal means.

Invocation: The act of calling upon specific spiritual beings for a distinct purpose.

Jersey Devil: In the Pine Barrens region of northern New Jersey and New York, for more than two and a half centuries there have been reports of a very strange and singular creature described as having an equine head, glowing, reddish eyes, stork’s legs, forelimbs with claw-bearing paws, a pointed tail and membranous, bat-like wings. It emits a shrill, piercing scream, and has been sighted rifling through garbage, standing in paths and roads, and flying just above the tree tops. One rather indistinct photo of this Jersey Devil has produced, but to the best of my knowledge, no one has yet recorded its ear-splitting cry.

Kirlian Photography: Named after Semyon Kirlian who, in 1939, discovered – reportedly by accident – that when an organic or nonliving object is placed upon a photographic plate and subjected to a high electric current, a glowing “aura” forms around the object and is imprinted on the film. It is more accurate to say that rather than revealing a natural aura, this process produces such. However, fluctuations in the magnetic fields surrounding the subjects can be detected in this way, and Kirlian photography, the technique having been improved upon through the years, has recently come into use as a medical diagnostic device. It also has a popular market at psychic fairs as a sort of high-tech, more expansive version of the mood ring. Kirlian photography does produce some beautiful and interesting effects.

LaVey, Anton Szandor: (b. April 23, 1930, d. Oct. 29, 1997) Birth name was Howard Stanton Levey. One of the major figures of the occult revival of the 1960’s and 70’s. Charismatic and self-promoting, LaVey formed the ‘First Church of Satan’ in 1966 and his ‘The Satanic Bible’ was published by Avon Books in 1968. LaVey’s version of Satan was allegorical, symbolizing “the Spirit of Rebellion” as well as an unknown,, but potentially implementable “force of nature.” The ceremonies he devised were entertaining psychodrama, and his Satanic philosophy was based on rational self-interest, albeit with overtly diabolical trappings.

Lepke: A very unique and interesting type of spiritual manifestation, a ghost which has the appearance of a solid, living person, may even converse with someone, then suddenly vanishes. “We were talking, I turned to face her again, and she was just gone!” Such apparitions are most often reported to have been encountered within, or immediately outside of cemeteries.

Levitation: A phenomenon sometimes encountered in hauntings, particularly with Poltergeists, rare yet credibly reported, where solid objects (including persons) are moved and lifted by an unseen force. The first historically documented occurrence was that of St. Francis of Assisi in the 14th century.

Ley lines: Hypothetical alignments of a number of places of geographical interest, such as ancient monuments and megaliths. Their existence was suggested in 1921 by the amateur archaeologist Alfred Watkins, whose book The Old Straight Track brought the alignments to the attention of the wider public. Some believe these are earth's natural energy lines that can be used by spirits to travel from one place to another.

Lilith: Devil of Sumerian origin and later included in Hebrew beliefs, believed by Quabbalists to have been the first wife of Adam, later excluded from the Talmud, and held by some occultists to be a vampire goddess and a powerful succubus. See also: Succubus, Vampire

Lore: Collective beliefs and legendary relating to a subject, as in “vampire lore”.

Lovecraft, Howard Phillips “H.P.”: (b. 1890, d. 1937) Horror fiction writer from Providence, Rhodes Island, whose prose apparently is so haunting and convincing that some present day cults practice rituals based on what is termed as Lovecraft’s “C’thulu Mythos.”

Lucid dream: A dream in which the dreamer is conscious of the fact they are dreaming.

Lucifer: Name taken from the Latin “luci” (light) and “fere” (to bear), originally a Roman lesser deity, “Son of the Morning,” formerly the name for the planet Venus when observed at dawn, in Christian theology identified with the Devil: arch regent of fallen angels. Lucifer is sometimes called upon in pagan ceremonies and rituals. (See also Satan)

Lurking Enigma: “Lurk” means to furtively move about, and I can think of no more appropriate term to describe this phenomenon – a type of entity which can be visible to human observers, yet appears in distorted, unidentifiable forms. Common traits reported by witnesses include glowing red or silver eyes, dark color (fur or feathers), startling speed and agility, in some cases winged and capable of flight, as with the ‘Jersey Devil.’ Although such nebulous creatures seem to mean us no harm, encounters with them can be terrifying, and provoke much curiosity. As one would expect, they are extremely elusive.

Lycanthrope: A person who projects a frenzied display of their innate savagery for periodic episodes, believing themselves to be overcome by the spirit of a beast.

Macro-PK: Psychokinetic effects that can be directly observed rather than only inferred from statistical analysis.

Magic: The practice of directing psychic ability, or “supernatural” forces to effect changes and fulfill desires. Many modern practitioners have adopted the archaic spelling of magick, in the tradition of author and occultist, Aleister Crowley (b. 1871, d. 1947).

Magnetometer: A device to measure the presence of a magnetic field as well as its strength, direction, and fluctuation. Paranormal researchers us the device in an attempt to detect a ghost's magnetic or energy aura.

Malevolent: An energy or spirit that is angry or evil and is capable if doing harm to the living.

Manifestation: Recurring or transitive phenomena.

Manzee: Hypothesized hybrid of Homo sapiens (human) and pan troglodyte (chimpanzee), also referred to as a “sport”. A disturbing notion, is it not? See also: Cryptozoology

Marian apparition: The appearance of the ghostlike figure of the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus.

Materialization: The creation or appearance of matter from unknown sources. Some miracles reportedly involve materializations. In the paranormal field this is commonly used to describe the appearance of a spirit or body often during an investigation.

Matrixing: The natural propensity of the human mind to rationalize sensory input to make more sense. As children, we "see pictures" in the clouds.

Mediumship (Medium): Denotes the supposed ability of a person (the medium) to experience and/or to tell others about their experiences of contact with spirits of the dead, spirits of non-corporeal entities, angels, and/or nature spirits. By experiencing these visions, the medium generally claims to allow communication between non-mediumistic people and spirits who may have messages to share.

Mesmerism: The original term for hypnotism, named after Austrian physician Franz Anton Mesmer (1733-1815).

Metaphysics: Said to have been instituted by Aristotle, the line of philosophical thought which seeks the “why and wherefore,” the intrinsic meaning of existence and human endeavor.

Miracle: A wondrous and beneficial event, apparently brought about by supernatural/divine agent.

Moon Madness: As the Lunar cycle waxes to its full point, incidents of psychotic behavior, violence and crime seem to escalate. To a lesser degree, the phase of the New Moon seems correlated to a rash of abnormal behavior. Current understanding of human psychology and physiology refutes the observation that our moon can exert significant influence on the human mind, ‘though statistics support it. (Hence the term “lunatic” for crazy person.) Naturally, it is during the nights of the full Moon when cult activities will be at their zenith. Also, there are those pesky werewolves to contend with!

Mumiai: Native American Indian spirit which behaves in the manner of a Poltergeist. See also: Poltergeist

Nanteos Cup: During the Reformation in the 1520’s, when King Henry VIII ordered the closing and destruction of England’s Catholic monasteries, the monks of Glastonbury Abbey bequeathed a small, unassuming vessel made of olive wood to the stewardship of a certain family in Wales, saying only that it was their greatest treasure. The remnant of this bowl is now in the keeping of the last living member of this family. Many believe this to be the actual ‘Holy Grail,’ the cup of which Christ partook at the Last Supper, and whilst, the legend tells us, was conveyed to Cornwall in A.D. 37 by Joseph of Arithamathea (who, as a prosperous tin merchant, would have been familiar with this trade route). Healings have been attributed to the Nanteos Cup.

Nazca Lines: In the Nazca Valley of southern Peru are etched enormous tracings of figures of a club wielding man, a splendid spider, a horse, a duck and other figures. Estimated to have been painstakingly etched into the rocky soul more than a millenia ago, these enigmatic representations can be beheld in their entirety only from an aerial viewpoint (by ancient, sub-equatorial balloonists. perhaps?).

Near Death Experience: Refers to a broad range of personal experiences associated with impending death, encompassing multiple possible sensations ranging from detachment from the body, feelings of levitation, extreme fear, security, or warmth, the experience of absolute dissolution, and the presence of a light, which some people interpret as a deity or spiritual presence. Many cultures and individuals revere NDE's as a paranormal and spiritual glimpse into the afterlife.

Necromancy: The practice of communicating with the dead to obtain knowledge of the future, others’ secrets, etc. An archaic term, the necromancer was said to employ magic spells and conjuration to summon, then banish, the spirits of the dead.

Necronomicon: A grimoire (that is, collection) of ancient sigils and incantations of nebulous origins, discovered in the 8th century by the “Mad Arab,” Abdul Alhazred, said to be capable of opening a chasm to the “Dread Dimension” and unleashing the wrathful power of the timeless “Elder Gods.” Although some occultists believe this tome to be at least derived from genuine (and nefarious) sources, we are fairly confident that it sprang from the fiction of Providence, Rhodes Island-born horror author, Howard Phillips (H.P.) Lovecraft (b. 1890, d. 1937).

Necronomicon Spellbook: A toned-down, elegantly printed companion book to the ‘Necronomicon,’ also by Avon Books.

Nexus: The transitional, or joining point connecting physical matter (which, in a sense, is energy condensed) and pure energy, and containing properties of both definites, i.e. the physical brain producing a mind through its network of dendrites and firing axioms, or the body’s connection to the spirit. The concept of the Nexus is the basis for much conjecture and postulating.

Non-religionist: A materialist, one who embraces no formal religious beliefs; a more descriptive term than atheist or agnostic.

Nosferatu: Slavic, old world term for vampire, meaning “undead.”

Objective apparitions: Apparitions or phenomena that appear independent of our minds, thoughts, or feelings. Subjective apparitions, on the other hand, are hallucinations created by our minds.

Occult: Of, relating to, or dealing with supernatural influences, agencies, or phenomena; often used to refer to such practices as magic, astrology, witchcraft, etc., but not to be confused with parapsychological events.

Occultism: Knowledge of the hidden and mysterious forces.

Oracle: A prophet, seer and visionary, especially one of renown. Also, a special device whilst aids in prognostication, such as a crystal ball. (i.e. “The Mystifying Oracle” of William Fuld’s Ouija Board.)

Orb: Unexpected, typically circular artifacts that occur in photography and video. Almost orbs in photography are dust, bugs or water vapor.

Other side: A term used to describe the spirit world.

Ouija (Board): A divining implement consisting of a small, round or more often rectangular platform with letters, numbers and various symbols printed upon it, and a “plancette” which, when the fingers of two participants are lightly placed along its edges, is intended to glide across the smooth surface of the inscribed platform and indicate messages. Conceived of as a parlour game in the wake of popular spiritualism, this is potentially a very dangerous tool for inviting in unpredictable, invasive forces. Experienced researchers vehemently advise against their usage.

Out Of Body Experience: An out-of-body experience (OBE or sometimes OOBE), is an experience that typically involves a sensation of floating outside of one's body and, in some cases, perceiving one's physical body from a place outside one's body (autoscopy). About one in ten people has reported having an out-of-body experience at some time in their lives. Scientists know little about the phenomenon. OBE's are often part of the near-death experience, and reportedly may also lead to astral projection. It is claimed that those experiencing an OBE sometimes observe details which were unknown to them beforehand

Pact: The belief, prevalent in the late middle ages through the Renaissance, that someone could trade his or her soul in return for worldly gain. See also: Faustus, Doctor Johann

Pagan: A worshiper of a polytheistic religion, although some sects of Christianity consider all non-Christians to be pagan.

Paranormal: The realm of occurrences and phenomena removed from those to which people are accustomed and comprehend, and presently uncategorized by standard academia.

Paranormal Investigator: A person who studies claims of spiritual activity or haunting.

Parapsychologist: One who studies parapsychology; however, this title is not officially recognized in the Unites States, and it is illegal to call one’s self parapsychologist unless they have a degree in psychology from a recognized university.

Parapsychology: The avenue of paranormal studies and research relating chiefly to psychic abilities (E.S.P., telepathy) and spiritual phenomena.

Past-life regression: A process by which a hypnotist regresses an individual through previous lives, thus suggesting reincarnation.

Pentacle/Pentagram: The traditional five-pointed star design, with its interior pentagon delineated, generally representing both spirituality and protection when point “up”; when inverted, it is said to signify diabolism.

Percipient: A person who sees (i.e., perceives) an apparition or ghost.

Phantomania: Paralysis occurring as a result of attack from supernatural forces.

Phantom hitchhiker/phantom traveler: A phantom traveler is the ghost of a human or animal that haunts a specific roadway, route, or vehicle. The phantom hitchhiker, who requests a ride, then suddenly disappears from inside the vehicle, is the best-known type of phantom traveler legend.

Phantom Lights: Sometimes they can be attributed to blue methane flame produced by swamp gas, or electrical discharges in the form of what is termed ball lightning or perhaps even misplaced fireflies. Yet, in other instances, the phenomenon of floating lights observed over water, the edge of woods,, lonely back roads and in the windows of darkened houses just can’t be dismissed by ordinary explanations. These might be globules which coalesce and intensify in luminosity to the point where they become visible in dark surroundings.

Phantom Smell: An odor with no perceivable physical origin.

Phenomenon: A term used to collectively describe anything that cannot be explained in scientific terms.

Physical mediumship: A form of mediumship in which the spirit communicates using both the physical energies and consciousness of the medium.

Place memories: Refers to a location that captures energy and uses it to record an image of an event that once happened there and later replays it. Akin to a residual haunting.

Planchette: A palm-sized triangular platform, usually on wheels, that is used as a pointer during the operation of a Ouija board.

Philosopher’s Stone: A wondrous beacon of sublime wisdom and awesome revelation, a powerful conjurer’s device, perhaps even an extraterrestrial gem encoded with unimagined, otherworldly knowledge. For centuries alchemists, mystics, learned men and seekers of truth quested for the fabled Philosopher’s Stone, ,not really knowing where or even precisely what it was. Once obtained, it would impart the wisdom of the world and of the angels. Should this actually exist and is in someone’s possession, it may well be regarded as one more enigmatic artifact, since it is unlikely to include instructions!

Poltergeist: German for “noisy ghost.” This is an extremely rare occurrence wherein random objects are moved and sounds produced by an unseen force, the sole purpose of which seems to be to draw attention to itself. The phenomenon always involves a specific individual, frequently a child or adolescent.

Possession: Invasion of the human mind by a spiritual or demonic entity, where the invading agent for a span of time, influences or entirely subverts the personality of the human host. It is in these instances that the boundaries of psychology, religion and spiritualism are rendered less distinct.

Postmortem communication: A message delivered to a living person from a deceased one, usually delivered via a medium.

Precognition: The psychic perception of future events or conditions.

Premonition: The feeling, or sensing of the future obtained through extra-sensory means.

Psi-Gamma: Pertaining to paranormal cognition (ESP, remote viewing, etc)

Psi-Kappa: Pertaining to paranormal action (psychokinesis, etc).

Psychic: Relating to the psyche, of the mind or soul, rather than the mundane. Psychic is the most familiar and bandied-about term encountered in paranormal research (“a psychic,” “psychic investigation,” etc.).

Psychic ability: The ability to sense that outside what is considered normal.

Psychical research: Parapsychology; this term is still in use in Great Britain.

Psychic Attack: To be attacked by astral entities

Psychic healing: Healing apparently brought about through a paranormal, non-medical means, such as prayer, the “laying on of hands,” immersion at a religious shrine, and so on. It is inexplicable to contemporary medical science.

Psychic Vampire: This is a term for individuals who seem to instinctively draw and absorb the psychic energies from others, usually while conversing with (or at) them.

Psychokinesis: A psychic phenomenon where-in objects are remotely imprinted or displaced and moved around, solely by the powers of the mind (psychic force).

Psychometry: A form of extra-sensory perception in which a psychic is said to be able to obtain information about an individual through paranormal means by making physical contact with an object that belongs to them.

Purgatory: In Roman Catholic doctrine, the place where souls of people who have died in grace must suffer while being cleansed of their sins before they can be admitted into heaven.

Quabbala (also Cabbala, Kabbala): A very ancient and complex system of Jewish mysticism, probably influenced by Assyrian-Babylonian and Macedonian beliefs and existing as the basis of an underground cult during much of the middle ages.

Radiant Child: The apparition of a child which is seen glowing or surrounded by a bright aura.

Radio voice phenomenon (RVP): Receiving the voice of a deceased human being over a regular radio.

Raps: Noises, often tapping out an intelligible message, said to be produced by paranormal means.

Reading: The statements made by a sensitive, or as a result of a divination process, in the course of obtaining paranormal information or “messages.”

Reciprocal apparition: An exceedingly rare type of spirit phenomenon in which both the agent and percipient see and respond to each other.

Recurrent spontaneous psychokinesis (RSPK): Paranormal physical effects occurring repeatedly over time; a neutral description of poltergeist occurrences.

Regents: In medieval European lore, chief spirits who preside over the four regions of the earth: ‘Oriens’ is Regent of the east, ‘Amemon’ is Regent of the south, ‘Boul’ is Regent of the west, ‘Eltzen’ is Regent of the north.

Reincarnation: The belief that a person’s soul will, following bodily death, inhabit a new body in a long cycle of rebirths, purportedly for the soul’s evolution through gaining experience.

Remote viewing: ESP in the context of which a percipient attempts to describe a the surroundings of a geographically distant agent. The United States did extensive experiments involving remote viewing in the mid-20th century.

Repressed psychokinetic energy: A theoretical psychic force produced, usually unconsciously, by an individual undergoing physical or mental trauma. When released, some think the power causes paranormal occurrences such as poltergeist activity. A classic, though fictional, example would be what Carrie (of film and Stephen King novel fame) did at the prom.

Residual (Haunting): Psychic imprint of a scene which is repeatedly played out, where the witness of such phenomenon essentially is peering into the past. The ghostly participants of these time-displacements often seem unaware of their living observers.

Retroactive Psychokinesis: The paranormal influence that an agent can have on an experiment after the experiment has been completed.

Retrocognition (post): The psychic perception of past events or conditions.

Revenant: An entity which projects an appearance of being distressed or misplaced.

Rune: An archaic character inscribed upon a stone or clay tablet, signifying some virtue or property, as with the Norse Runes, and used for divination and as a talisman.

Sanguinor: A person exhibiting vampiric tendencies (the desire to ingest blood) and attributes. These may be either contrived or pathological.

Satan: Hebraic term for “Adversary,” the “Tester” in the Biblical Book of Job, the most familiar name of the Devil, the “Fallen Angel” and the “Evil One.” Investigators sometimes come across evidence of the activities of Satanic cults, who perform animal sacrifices and apparently believe that desecrations and obscenities are devotions to their dark lord.

Scrying: A divination technique employing staring into a crystal ball, pool of water or other reflective surface.

Seance: A group effort to contact the spirit world. In standardized format, the lighting of the chamber in which the seance is conducted is subdued, and the participants sit around the table, either holding hands or with hands palm down, flat against the table’s surface and with fingertips touching those of the adjacent partners. A candle generally is set on the center of the table. The appointed director or “medium” addresses the spirit(s) with whom contact is sought, and then it’s “We await a sign…”

Second sight: Celtic folklore concept that would be referred to today as psychic ability, particularly in the realm of divination and precognition.

Sensitive: A person who has the ability to sense (either through sight, sound, emotion, instinct or mental images) the presence of an entity. Most often, they are not able to directly communicate with the entity.

Shade: An entity resembling a once-living being (human or animal).

Shaman: A tribal priest who, following much preparation and rite of initiation, uses the forces of magic to effect healings and divinations.

Shape-Shifting: The ability to assume the form of another person, animal or entity.

Shuck: (‘Black Shuck,’ ‘Old Shuck’) A phantom black dog with glowing yellow eyes. Hikers in the British Isles who encounter this spectral creature by lonely roadsides and paths are said to be doomed to die within a year of the sighting. It is from this legend that Sir Arthur Conan Doyle drew his inspiration for his Sherlock Holmes adventure, ‘The Hound of the Baskervilles’ (1902).

Sidhe: (pronounced Shee) Irish term for Fairy folk, the “little people” who sequester themselves in woodlands and caverns.

Sigil of Baphomet: Leit–motif if Satanism, this emblem is composed of an inverted pentagram containing a goat head, and compassed by two, concentric circles, in between which are placed five Hebriac characters.

Sight: Appalachian folklore term referring to psychic ability.

Signet: A ring bearing a personal or family emblem.

Silky: A female ghost which is attired in a rustling silk garment (sometimes seen, other times just heard) and performs domestic chores for a household after the occupants have retired for the night.

Sitter: A person who sits with a medium at a seance or reading and receives a communication from a deceased individual through the medium.

Sitting: A gathering of individuals, usually led by a medium, for the purpose of receiving spirit manifestations or communication with the dead. Also known as a "seance," a "spirit circle," or simply, a "circle."

Sixth sense: A term used to describe psychic ability.

Sleep Paralysis: A period of inability to perform voluntary movements either at onset of the sleep cycle or at awakening.

Smudging: A ritual or ceremony is performed to correct the energy in a home, in an office, in an object, or even in a person.

Soul: While difficult to define due to the different definitions of soul among various religions, it is often thought to be the life-force of an individual.

Soul loss: The loss of vital energy experienced as a result of any kind of physical, emotional, mental, or spiritual trauma.

Spirit: Existence apart from, or transcending, the purely physical; also, the life-force of an organism. A spirit commonly refers to a ghost.

Spirit attachment: A type of possession. While the spirit does not actively possess the individual it does become attached to it. Much like haunting a person rather than a place.

Spirit cabinet: A spirit cabinet, or simply cabinet, is a solid or curtained enclosure within which the medium sits to allow the spirits to appear unimpeded in darkness. The first spirit cabinet was introduced by the Davenport brothers in the 1850s in New York City. Its use was quickly adopted by many of the leading mediums of the day.

Spirit communicator: A spirit or ghost that uses a medium in order to communicate with someone either verbally or visually.

Spirit Guide: An entity that acts as an adviser or protector to a living incarnated human being.

Spirit hypothesis: The theory that individual consciousness survives the death of the physical body in the form of a spirit, and that it may be communicated with, especially through the use of a medium.

Spirit operator: A spirit or ghost that uses a medium to physically manipulate something on earth.

Spirit photography: A spirit photograph captures the image of a ghost on film. Many spirit photographs are supposedly intended as a mere portrait of a living human being, but when the film is developed, an ethereal ghostly face or figure can be seen hovering near the subject.

Spirit portal: An area allowing cross traffic between our world and the spirit world. A form of doorway, it sometimes occurs in the form of a vortex.

Spirit releasement: Contemporary term for an exorcism.

Spirit Rescue: Attempting contact with entities, intended to alleviate the entities’ distress and aid them in the resolution of their conflicts, and in “crossing over” to a higher, spiritual plane.

Spirit theater: A term used by modern-day magicians to describe shows, acts, or tricks in which ghosts or other spirit activity are apparently produced.

Spiritualism: A belief system that spirits of the dead can (and do) communicate with living humans in the material world. Usually this contact is made through an intermediary known as a medium.

Spirit world: The place spirits go after death of the human form.

Spook: Benevolent spirit exclusively of America which comes from the legends of the Red Indians.

Spook show: Also called a ghost show or spookeroo, a spook show was a magic show, most popular during the 1950s, that featured horror- and ghost-themed magic tricks. Often one or two horror movies were shown as part of the evening's entertainment.

Spunkies: The sad spirits of unnamed, unchristened or unbaptized children, believed by old Gaelic and English tradition to wander country roads in search of someone who will name them.

Stigmata: Persons have been observed periodically bleeding from points on their bodies corresponding to the wounds of the Crucifixion. Although the physiological mechanisms which produce this effect are not understood, it is apparently and externalization of religious fervor. Stigmata has been thought to be an indication of sanctity. St. Francis of Assisi was said to have displayed the stigmatic bleeding, and the best documented case is that of Padre Pio (b. 1887, d. 1968).

Subliminal Perception: The act of perceiving without conscious awareness.

Succubus: “Female” counterpart of the incubus, a demonic entity said to inspire lust in men (and most inconveniently!), sometimes capable of physically attacking and inflicting injuries (bruises & slashes). Following a nocturnal visitation from a succubus, the human victim will always feel ill and depleted of vitality, and inexplicably “un-clean.”

Super-ESP: A powerful form of telepathy that allows a medium to unconsciously pick up information about a deceased person from other living people.

Supernatural: Something that exists or occurs through some means other than any known force in nature. As opposed to paranormal, the term "supernatural" often connotes divine or demonic intervention.

Super-personalities: Negative entities.

Superstition: A believe that a given action or event can bring either good or bad luck when there is no rational or generally accepted grounds for said belief.

Synchronicity: Unexplained system of causal interaction which binds together events, actions and thought, manifesting as uncanny coincidences. Term for and existence of this phenomenon was first proposed by pioneering psycho-analyst, Carl Gustav Jung (a contemporary of Sigmund Freud). Synchronicity indicates there is more to the Universe than our understanding of simple cause and effect, and that the subtleties of the mind and matter are somehow interconnected.

Table-tipping: An experiment in psychokinesis which can fairly easily be replicated. Three or four participants lightly place their fingers along the edges of a small table top, then in unison chant “table move, table move…” With sufficient cooperation and concentration, and after several minutes of chanting, the table should start to wobble, pivot on its legs and possibly even lead the participants on a scurry about the room.

Talisman: A design or inscription that is worn, carried or displayed, for the purpose of invoking strength, power, protection or the aid of spirits.

Tash: Irish name for a ghost which can appear in either human or animal form. Also called Thevshi.

Telekinesis: A psychic phenomenon where-in objects are remotely displaced and moved around, solely by the powers of the mind.

Telepathic projection: A now-discredited theory first espoused by Frederic W.H. Myers, a 19th-century paranormal investigation suggesting that spirits of the dead sent mental messages to the living rather than physically returning as ghosts.

Telepathy: Transfer of information on thoughts or feelings between individuals by means other than the five classical senses.

Teleportation: A kind of paranormal transportation in which an object is moved from one distinct location to another, often through a solid object such as a wall.

Thought Transference: Telepathic transmitting of images and messages from the mind of one person to that of another.

Thunderbird: Prevalent among the Amer-Indian peoples, particularly the Algonquin and Cheyene, are legends telling of immense birds, and raging storms that would come in their wake. Interestingly, reported sightings of birds of truly monstrous proportions persist, most frequently through the vicinity of the Sierra Madre mountain range in Mexico. In the Miocene era, approximately eight to ten million years ago, a species of bird, discovered in only 1979 and dubbed “Argentaevis Magnificens,” (which means ‘Magnificent Bird of Argentina’) soared through South American skies, with a wing-span of 25 feet and weighing perhaps 200 lbs! Just maybe…?

Time-displacement: The experience of a time span separate from the native time span of the observer. The phenomenon is sometimes merely viewed and not participated in; sometimes a person seems to actually time-travel to another era.

Trance: A state of dissociation in which the individual is oblivious to their situation and surroundings, and in which various forms of automatism may be expressed; usually exhibited under hypnotic, mediumistic or shamanistic conditions.

Trance mediumship: A form of mediumship in which the medium shares his or her energy with a spirit through the use of a trance.

Ultra-terrestrials: Beings who appear human and visit our plane of existence with some form of message or mission, then inexplicably vanish.

Unidentified Flying Object: An (apparently) flying object whose nature is unknown; especially those considered to have extraterrestrial origins.

Urban legend: A story that is too good to be true and takes on a life of its own, usually told from the angle of “this happened to a friend of a friend.” Paranormal urban legends include the vanishing hitchhiker, the devil baby and the hook and the boyfriend’s death.

Vampire: A demonic (?) entity in the form of a deceased person, which perpetuates itself by draining the blood or psychic energy of the living.

Veridical: Truthful; corresponding to, or conveying, fact.

Veridical Dream: A dream that contains factual information that the dreamer would be unaware of.

Voodoo: African magic traditions with a veneer of imposed Catholicism from the new world, taking root in the Caribbean, particularly the dark populous of Haiti. Similarities in origin and practices exist in the beliefs of ‘Obia’ (Jamaica) and ‘Santeria’ (Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic).

Vortex: An anomaly which sometimes shows up in still photographs taken at the site of a suspected haunting, appearing as a translucent white, tube or funnel shaped mass. Some researchers believe this may be a porthole to the spirit realm. See Also: Golden-rod, Globule

Vorthr: Norse guardian spirit. This name is the source of the word Wraith.

Warlock: Term originally meant “deceiver” or” one who misleads,” in more modern parlance has become associated with a male witch.

Werewolf: (Old/Middle English word for man = were) A human being capable of transforming into the form of a wolf (or any variety of animals), then back to human; sometimes refereed to as a “Shape-Shifter.” See also “Lycanthrope”

White Noise: A random signal formed by combining all audible frequencies.

Wicca: Witchcraft as a recognized religion, the practitioners of which refer to their system as, “The Old Way” and “The Ancient Religion.” Wiccans in their rituals align themselves with elementals and the earth’s natural magnetic fields, personified by the names of ancient Greek, Egyptian and Sumerian deities.

Witch: Broadly, a practitioner of the magic arts, spec. a woman who employs charms, herbs and incantations to effect the workings of her will. Also, a practitioner of the Wicca craft.

Witching hour: A slang term for the time of night when ghosts are the most active, usually placed at between midnight and 3am.

Wizard: A male sorcerer and conjurer who is especially adept and experienced in his craft.

Wraith: The image of a person appearing shortly before or after his or her death; term can also be applied to a ghost. See also: Apparition, Ghost

Xenobiology: From the Greek word “Xeno” = strange, the observation/speculation of the biology of very uncommon or unverified creatures. This term has usage in the research categories of cryptozoology and otherworldly aliens.

Xenoglossy: The act of speaking in a language ostensibly unknown to the speaker. To be distinguished from glossolalia.

Xenophobia: A pronounced aversion to people, or beings, of foreign origins.

Yaweh: (pronounced “Yah-vay”) According to ancient Hebrew and Quaballistic teaching, the name of God abbreviated to “YHWH,” (in Hebrew, pronounced “Yud-hey vav hey“), which is the Tetragammaton, whence is derived “Jehova.” It was deemed forbidden to pronounce, or even seek to learn, the full, true name of the Absolute. (The more archeological evidence uncovered which tends to support Biblical accounts, the more arises suggestion and speculation that, approx. 3,000 years ago, a powerful extra-terrestrial presence took a particular interest in a nomadic, mercantile, tribal group of desert dwellers who would come to be known as the Israelites, the “People of God.”)

Yeti: A legendary creature of Tibet’s Himalayan Mountains region, an anthropoid with both human and ape characteristics, the “Abominable Snow Man.” As with its western counterpart, the Sasquatch or Bigfoot, credible witnesses have reported sightings and numerous tracks have been found, but photographs and purported bodily remnants of the creature remain inconclusive.

Zarcanor – A malevolent spirit which attacks people while they’re asleep, inspiring nightmares, and sometimes even inflicting minor injuries such as scratches, bruises and what appear to be finger marks. The name is possibly of Slavic origin.

Zener Cards: Cards used to conduct experiments for extra-sensory perception (ESP), most often clairvoyance. Perceptual psychologist Karl Zener designed the cards in the early 1930s for experiments conducted with his colleague, parapsychologist J. B. Rhine.

Zephyr: Spirit borne upon, governing, or manifesting as the western wind.

Zombie: Prevalent in Haitian lore, a cadaver disinterred shortly after burial (ere it spoils) and reanimated through the use of Voodoo, its sole purpose thereafter being servitude as a mindless slave. Combine secret pharmaceuticals inducing simulated death with oxygen deprivation in a tomb, then a hasty exhumation in the dark of night, and there emerges the horrid premise behind the myth.

Zoo morphism: Representation of a deity or devil with animal attributes.